Dental Diseases

Dental Diseases

What are the criteria of a healthy gingiva?

Healthy gingiva should:

  • Be seem in the color of dry roses (light pink)
  • Have the same structure as the neck part of the teeth (not swollen and not separated)
  • Have the look of an orange peel (having tiny coves)

The reasons of periodontal diseases

1-Tartar and bacterial plaques:

    When the adequate mouth hygiene is not kept and at the areas (embedded wisdom tooth- uneven tooth- missing tooth related gaps etc.) where the mouth hygiene is hard to taken care of, bacteria colony residues swarms up at the surfaces of tooth and this cause tooth inflammation.

    When implementing interproximal decay treatment as a result of the pressure made on gingiva by the filling, the materials being used, not matching colors of gingiva and tooth veneering (image of darkening gingiva), design problems of removable denture prosthesis alike implementation failures may result in effecting the gingiva health.

    In orthodontic treatment, the metal that is stuck to the tooth surface which we call as brackets swarms the nutrients with tooth in the mouth thus the bacterial plaques increases which causes periodontal disease. It is ought to do more than a standard brushing.

    As a result of trauma of the tooth brush’s plastic ends to gingiva in brushing that is caused by the rough and inappropriate technics, gingiva is irritated in a short term and in the long term it faces with gingival recession.

5-Chemical Irritation:

    Some mouth washes, tooth pastes, tooth washes may lead to reaction in periodontal diseases. Furthermore, if a patient has allergic reaction to the materials used in denture prosthesis or the use of non-hygienic materials may also lead to the same problems.

    Periodontal diseases are frequently seen when a patient has respiratory problems due to a nasal problem especially occurs during sleep opening one’s mouth to breath.

7-Medicine usage:

    Some medication used in some diseases may have an effect on periodontal diseases resulting in redness and swelling. These are:

  • Medication used in the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar diseases, named as anticonvulsant (example: Dilantin)
  • Immunosuppressive medications used in autoimmune disease treatment (example: cyclosporine group type medicines used in organ transplant)
  • Calcium canal blockers used in heart disease treatment